Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children can be some of the most vulnerable in our care, having often faced dreadful exploitation from traffickers, and appalling conditions both at home and on their journey to the UK.
Vicky Ford, Families Minister July 2022
Who are refugees?
Refugees are people who have fled war, violence, conflict or persecution and are outside their country of origin and as a result require international protection.
Refugees are defined and protected in international law.
The 1951 Refugee Convention is a key legal document and defines a refugee as: “someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.”
Crucially, under international refugee law, recognition as a refugee is declaratory and not constitutive. This means one becomes a refugee upon meeting the criteria of the 1951 Convention, regardless of formal recognition. This recognition occurs before formal determination of refugee status.
In our context, we refer to "child refugees" because every young person arrives at Baca under the age of 18 and therefore, they represent the core focus of our work. This designation aligns with the UN definition mentioned above.
Who is an Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Child and what happens to them when they get to the UK?
Upon arrival in the UK, unaccompanied children, often having journeyed in small boats or lorries, initiate their asylum claims, becoming an Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Child (UASC), a person under 18 years old, who is applying for asylum and is separated from both parents, and not in the care of a guardian. The local authority at the point of entry takes responsibility for their care, or they may be transferred through the National Transfer Scheme. If a local authority provides care and accommodation for a child, they then acquire “looked after” status. Accommodation options include foster care, children’s homes, semi-independent housing, and shared living spaces, some of which lack registration or inspection. Due to local authority placement shortages, the Home Office has turned to housing them in hotels, alongside adults. In this accommodation the safety and well-being of these vulnerable young people are at risk.
Who do you support?
Baca work with children who arrive in the UK alone, without their families, having fled their home country and often experienced trafficking. They arrive at Baca aged 16 or 17-years old and stay until 18, or later if awaiting asylum decisions.
What is an asylum seeker?
An asylum seeker is someone who flees their home country due to war, persecution, or danger, where their government can’t or won’t protect them. This includes crisis caused by natural disasters and climate change.
What is the difference between an asylum seeker, a refugee and a migrant?
Asylum Seeker: A person who has left their country and formally applied for asylum in another. Until their refugee status is determined, they are known as an asylum seeker. In the UK, they lack the same rights as refugees or British citizens, for example, they face working restrictions.
Refugee: A person is officially recognised as a refugee after a successful asylum claim in the UK.
Migrant: A migrant moves countries for reasons other than a direct threat, like work and education, and can return home.
What is Baca’s role?
Baca offers a safe home, education, training, legal and medical guidance and social and emotional support. We empower young refugees by inspiring hope and enabling the young people to develop independence and overcome deep trauma.
How do you choose who to help/ where do your referrals come from?
We fill rooms in our houses quickly due to an urgent and huge need for our services, which is why we are hoping to expand to reach more child refugees. We only receive referrals from the local authority, social services and the NRF (National Referral Mechanism) for child trafficking victims.
What happens if their claim is rejected?
A refusal does not mean that returning is safe. If an asylum case is initially refused, an individual has the right to appeal with fresh evidence and over 25% of asylum refusals are overturned on appeal.
How long does an individual young person stay in Baca houses?
Tailored to each individual, there’s no set limit. On average, young people stay for two years, ensuring they’re ready for independence.
Can I get help from you or refer someone to your organisation?
If you’re a young person, check the ‘Young Person’ section of this website. For advice, organisations can contact us at email@example.com.
Do you partner with other organisations or charities?
To deliver our services, we work alongside social services, local authorities and other frontline providers. If you’re an organisation or charity that would like to work collaboratively to deliver our work, please get in touch at firstname.lastname@example.org.
What can I do to help Baca?
Please donate to support us, if you can, or explore more ways under ‘Get Involved’. For corporate engagement or championing our work, or any other questions or ideas, please email email@example.com.
I’m with a business/ group/ faith group/ school/ university/ network, how could we learn more and/ or support your work?
Yes, absolutely, we’d be happy to hear from you. If you’re a school, faith group, or university, click here. If you’re a business or corporate, head over here. And if you would like to talk this through further email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Can I donate items?
While money is most effective, we accept item donations depending on our young people’s needs, we will communicate appeals for these things on social media. If you’d like to donate items to help refugees and asylum seekers, we would recommend contacting your local City of Sanctuary group: https://data.cityofsanctuary.org/groups/list. If you are in Leicester, you can donate items to Open Hands: https://www.openhandsleicester.org.uk/ and in Nottinghamshire, NNRF: https://www.nottsrefugeeforum.org.uk/food-donations/.
Can I meet the people you work with?
To protect identities, it’s rare for supporters to meet young refugees to ensure their safety.
Can I visit Baca?
Office or house visits aren’t feasible, but we can arrange meetings in person or via call. Just email email@example.com to coordinate.
Can I volunteer or work for you?
How big is Baca?
Baca has 37 members of staff members, volunteers, interns and a Board of Trustees. Our operations span the East Midlands and East of England, from our offices, youth centre and houses.
How is Baca funded?
Baca’s work is funded in several ways. As “looked after” children, we receive money from the local authority which goes towards housing and food allowances for our young people (this covers around 75% of our work). The other 25% of our income is needed for the holistic side of our work which includes education, therapy, trips, sports. This is raised from grants (trusts and foundations); faith and other groups; individual givers and corporate partnerships. For more information on supporting our work go to Get Involved or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
How do you measure and monitor impact?
We track progress through the Pyramid Plan, focusing on personal safety, emotional well-being, engagement with education, employment and training, physical wellbeing and social engagement. For more on our Theory of Change see here. Annual Impact Reports are also available in Impact on our website.
Are you a religious charity?
While our name is inspired by Psalm 84 of the Bible, we’re not a religious charity.
We support young refugees regardless of their religious beliefs and preaching has no place in our work. We will support the young people we work with to find a church, mosque, synagogue or other place of worship, if this is something they want.